What is the difference between the two terms, Lord, and LORD, in the Old Testament?

Posted on December 11, 2007 at 6:00 am

Bible

Follow Gramps:

facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestmail
Print Friendly

Dear Gramps,
I have noted that there are different ways the Bible uses the word “Lord”, particularly in how one is “Lord” and the other is “LORD”. What’s the difference? I know it means something, but I don’t know what it is. Is this some kind of distinction between Father and Son?
Bob, from Seattle, Washington

Dear Bob,
The two renditions of the word, Lord/LORD, have two distinct meanings. The word, Lord, is the English translation of the Hebrew, Adonay, and in the biblical context refers to a person of honor and respect. The word, LORD, is translated from the Hebrew, Yhovah, the English rendition of which is Jehovah. Jehovah is the designation of the Lord, Jesus Christ, who is actually the God of the Old Testament. The word, LORD, is used to avoid the too frequent repetition of the sacred name, Jehovah, which is used only four times in the Old Testament–in Exodus, Psalms and Isaiah. The name used in the Old Testament for God the Father is ‘elohiym, which is actually a plural form, but is used as a singular form to designate God the Father.
There is much confusion in the sectarian world over the two terms–most of the Protestant Churches believing that Jehovah refers to God the Father, and that Jesus Christ first appeared on the scene at His mortal birth. However, that confusion is cleared up by two Old Testament scriptures. First, we learn in Exodus 6:2-3 that Jehovah actually represented Himself in early times as God the Father—

And God [‘eloheim] spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD [Yhovah]: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, [‘el Shadday] (Shadday meaning Mighty) but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.

In Zechariah 12:8-12 the LORD specifically identifies Himself with Jesus Christ, who was crucified—

In that day shall the LORD [Yhovah] defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God [‘elohim], as the angel of the LORD {Yhovah] before them. And it shall come to pass in that day, that I (Jehovah) will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. And I (Jehovah) will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me (Jehovah) whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him (Jehovah), as one mourneth for his only son (Jesus Christ), and shall be in bitterness for him (Jehovah), as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn (Jesus Christ).

Gramps

Summary
Article Name
What is the difference between the two terms, Lord, and LORD, in the Old Testament? - Ask Gramps - Q and A about Mormon Doctrine
Author
Description
The two renditions of the word, Lord/LORD, have two distinct meanings. The word, Lord, is the English translation of the Hebrew, Adonay, and in the biblical context refers to a person of honor and respect.

Follow Gramps:

What do Mormons believe about respecting animals?

November 25, 2014 8:26 am

Question Gramps, In my experience it seems that a lot of Mormons don’t respect animals. When I was at BYU my roommates didn’t respect them. Once a cat (more)

Is God both our Father and Mother in Heaven?

November 20, 2014 8:09 am

Question Gramps, Forgive me for this question. I have many speculate that our Father in Heaven is our Mother in Heaven too. Can you please clarify this for (more)

What are the third set of scriptures spoken of by Elder Neal A. Maxwell?

November 19, 2014 7:49 am

Question Gramps, What are we to understand from these words spoken by Elder Maxwell in his talk “God Will Yet Reveal” when he said, “We would not even (more)

Will we still have our tattoos when we are resurrected?

November 18, 2014 7:31 am

Question Gramps, My brother is a tattoo artist. He does it for a living. My mom doesn’t like it though and therefore approaches him constantly about it. My (more)

Does the Church not want thinkers?

November 17, 2014 8:17 am

Question Dear Gramps, I joined the church in 98, raised Evangelical, so Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal,  I feel like when I question something the answer is always the same (more)

I’m too ashamed to talk to my Bishop, but how can I stop my skinpicking?

November 12, 2014 5:00 am

Question Dear Gramps, I have been struggling with skinpicking (Dermatillomania) since 10 years. I feel so horrible about my picking that I have really low self-esteem. I know (more)

Is saying “Oh my Lord” using His name in vain?

November 11, 2014 1:03 am

Question Gramps, Does saying “good Lord’ or “Oh my Lord” count as using the Lord’s name in vain? Marie   Answer Marie, I believe it does. I avoid (more)

Did the Nephites and Lamanites have access to the gold plates?

November 8, 2014 5:48 am

Question Gramps, Is it true that the Nephites and Lamanites did not have access to the writings on the gold plates? The writings of their prophets?  It is (more)

Will we, as Saints, ever have to flee to avoid being destroyed?

November 7, 2014 8:14 am

Question Hi Gramps, Since we live in the last days and there are alot of troubling things going on, I’ve noticed a pattern in the scriptures, Whenever things get (more)

What is the Mormon Church’ stance on the Mark of Cain?

November 6, 2014 1:49 am

Question Gramps, I’ve been told several times that the dark skinned people are descendants of Adam’s son, Cain.  Thus the ‘Mark of Cain’.  Moreover, in the Book of (more)

Why doesn’t the Mormon Church keep the Jewish Feast Days?

November 5, 2014 5:24 am

Question Dear Gramps, Why doesn’t the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints keep the Jewish feast days? The Apostle Paul stated in Acts 18:21 that he had to keep the (more)

How can I generate desire in my calling?

November 4, 2014 1:44 am

Question Dearest Gramps, I’ve currently serving in a tough responsibility in the church, and while I know exactly what it’s worth for me, it’s beginning to wear me (more)